Basic OHV Laws, Rules, and Requirements

Basic OHV Laws, Rules, and Requirements

Basic OHV Laws

  • Wear Your Helmet -For riders and passengers under age 18, it’s the law, but we advise everyone to wear a helmet. It can save your life. Properly worn, a helmet won’t reduce vision or hearing, and helps cut out windblast.
  • Youth, 8-15 years of age, must possess an OHV education certificate before operating an OHV on public land.
  • Ride On Utah! -Ride only on designated routes and areas open to OHVs
  • Ride on the right side of the road and in single file.
  • Be alert to oncoming traffic, especially on blind curves or in dips and crests of hills.
  • It is illegal to drive an OHV while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
  • A red or orange “whip flag” must be attached to OHVs when riding in sand dune areas.
  • Lights must be used between sunset and sunrise.
  • Be sure your brakes will control and stop your OHV.
  • Mufflers with an approved spark arrestor are required on all OHVs (snowmobiles do not require spark arrestors).

OHV Definitions

Off-Highway Vehicle (OHV) -Any snowmobile, all-terrain Type I vehicle, all-terrain Type II vehicle, or motorcycle.

All-Terrain Type I Vehicle (Type I ATV) -Any motor vehicle that is 52 inches or less in width, with an unladen dry weight of 1500 pounds or less. These vehicles travel on three or more low-pressure tires, have a seat designed to be straddled by the operator, and designed for or capable of travel over unimproved terrain.

All Terrain Type II Vehicle (Type II ATV) -Any motor vehicle other than a Type I ATV, snowmobile, or Motorcycle designed for or capable of travel over unimproved terrain. This does not include golf carts, any vehicle specifically designed to carry a disabled person, any vehicle not designed specifically for recreational use, or farm tractors. This does include go-carts, sand rails, dune buggies, etc.

Off Highway Motorcycle (OHM) -Every motor vehicle having a saddle for the use of the operator and designed to travel on no more than two tires.

Snowmobile -Any motor vehicle designed for travel on snow or ice and steered and supported in whole or in part by skis, belts, cleats, runners, or low-pressure tires.

OHV Accidents

There may come a time when you are involved in or witness an OHV related accident. If you are involved in or witness an OHV related accident:

  • Do not put yourself in unnecessary danger, and always keep your own safety in mind.
  • Notify Law Enforcement
  • Treat those involved to the best of your ability
  • Fill out an accident form
  • Notify Volunteer Specialist

For more information on OHV Laws in Utah and street-legal requirements visit